The Swedish Police Service used to consist of the Swedish National Police Board and 21 police authorities, each of which was responsible for policing one of the counties of the country. In 2012 the Swedish Parliament decided to reorganise the Swedish Police Service. The 21 county police authorities was to be replaced by one national police force.
The task of managing the reform was given to special investigator Thomas Rolén. He headed a committee called Genomförandekommittén (the Implementing Committee). The reform was developed and carried out during 2013-2014. The new national Police Authority was launched on January 1st 2015.